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Overview: Equal Opportunity (Title VI Programs)

​Title VI, 42 U.S.C. § 2000d et seq., was enacted as part of the landmark Civil Rights Act of 1964.  It prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, and national origin in programs and activities receiving federal financial assistance.  As President John F. Kennedy said in 1963:
"Simple justice requires that public funds, to which all taxpayers of all races [colors, and national origins] contribute, not be spent in any fashion which encourages, entrenches, subsidizes or results in racial [color or national origin] discrimination."

If a recipient of federal assistance is found to have discriminated and voluntary compliance cannot be achieved, the federal agency providing the assistance should either initiate fund termination proceedings or refer the matter to the Department of Justice for appropriate legal action.  Aggrieved individuals may file administrative complaints with the federal agency that provides funds to a recipient, or the individuals may file suit for appropriate relief in federal court.  Title VI itself prohibits intentional discrimination.  However, most funding agencies have regulations implementing Title VI that prohibit recipient practices that have the effect of discrimination on the basis of race, color, or national origin.

To assist federal agencies that provide financial assistance, the wide variety of recipients that receive such assistance, and the actual and potential beneficiaries of programs receiving federal assistance, the U.S. Department of Justice has published a Title VI Legal Manual.  The Title VI Legal Manual sets out Title VI legal principles and standards.  Additionally, the Department has published an Investigation Procedures Manual to give practical advice on how to investigate Title VI complaints.  Also available on the Federal Coordination and Compliance Website are a host of other materials that may be helpful to those interested in ensuring effective enforcement of Title VI."

Title VI Equal Opportunity Programs Include:

  • Limited English Proficiency (LEP)
    • Language Translation
    • Language Interpretative Services
  • Equal Opportunity in Federally Funded Programs
  • Equal Opportunity in Federally Assisted Program
  • Section 504 Compliance
  • Section 508 Compliance

Title VI claims should be filed directly through the Department of Energy you may call (202) 586-2218 or submit a written complaint to:

Office of Civil Rights
U.S. Department of Energy
1000 Independence Avenue, SW
Washington, DC 20585

Your complaint should contain the following information: your name, address, and telephone number; the name and address of the agency, institution, or department you believe discriminated against you; how, why, and when you believe you were discriminated against, including as much information as possible about the alleged acts of discrimination, and the names of the individuals whom you allege discriminated against you, if known; and the names of any persons, if known, that the investigating agency could contact for additional information to support or clarify your allegations.